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|Title:||Stroop Color-Word Interference Test: Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population|
|Authors:||Aguilar Rivera, Daniel|
Peñalver Guia, Ana Ivis
Irías Escher, Maria
Soto Añari, Marcio Fernando
Aguayo Arelis, A.
Rute Pérez, Sandra
Rodríguez Lorenzana, Alberto
Rodríguez Agudelo, Yaneth
Albaladejo Blázquez, Natalia
Garcia de la Cadena, Claudia
Ibáñez Alfonso, Joaquin
Rodriguez Irizarry, W.
García Guerrero, Cristina Elizabeth
Delgado Mejía, I.
Padilla López, Alfredo
Vergara Moragues, Esperanza
Barrios Nevado, M.D.
Saracostti Schwartzman, Mahia
Arango Lasprilla, Juan Carlos
|Keywords:||child;Chile;Cuba;Ecuador;education;Guatemala;Honduras;human;major clinical study;Mexico;multiple linear regression analysis;neuropsychology;Paraguay;Peru;Puerto Rico;Spain;speech;Stroop test;South and Central America;Linear Models|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Stroop Word-Color Interference test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Stroop Word-Color Interference test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Stroop Word, Stroop Color, Stroop Word-Color, and Stroop Interference scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age 2, sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effects for age on all scores, except on Stroop Interference for Guatemala, such that scores increased linearly as a function of age. Age 2 affected Stroop Word scores for all countries, Stroop Color scores for Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, and Spain; Stroop Word-Color scores for Ecuador, Mexico, and Paraguay; and Stroop Interference scores for Cuba, Guatemala, and Spain. MLPE affected Stroop Word scores for Chile, Mexico, and Puerto Rico; Stroop Color scores for Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Spain; Stroop Word-Color scores for Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Puerto Rico and Spain; and Stroop-Interference scores for Ecuador, Mexico, and Spain. Sex affected Stroop Word scores for Spain, Stroop Color scores for Mexico, and Stroop Interference for Honduras. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest Spanish-speaking pediatric normative study in the world, and it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate approach to interpret the Stroop Word-Color Interference test in pediatric populations. © 2017 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos de investigación|
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