Artículos - Departamento de Matemática y Estadística

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    The examination of the virtue of faith for Dante
    (UNIV GABRIELA MISTRAL, CENTRO ESTUDIOS MEDIEVALESLADISLAO ERRAZURIZ 2073, PROVIDENCIA, SANTIAGO, 00000, CHILE, 2021) Renzi, Fabrizio
    In canto XXIV of Paradise, Dante is called to answer a series of questions about the virtue of faith. The purpose of this article is - first - to show what is the logical structure that underlies the conception of the Christian belief present in the canto in question, - second - to highlight that the poet's responses are perfectly in line with the reflections of the scholastics (particularly Thomas Aquinas). The fact that Dante distinguishes between the absolute certainty of supernatural faith and the doubt of scientific investigation, can be seen as a rejection of the argumentative doctrine of scholasticism only if the epistemological status that medieval theologians confer on the science of faith is misunderstood.
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    "[The daily violence as a mechanism of social ascent. The case of Arequipa at the end of the viceroyalty. 1784-1824] [La violencia cotidiana como mecanismo de integración y ascenso social. El caso de Arequipa a fines del virreinato. 1784-1824]"
    (University of Sevilla, 2021) Belan, César
    This article analyzes the crime of insults framed in Arequipa society at the end of s. XVIII. Using some concepts of the social theory of Erving Goffman seeks study the political rationality behind the insults and the trials derived from them, pointing out how these mechanisms were used as means of social advancement in the city. This article also describes the archetype of citizen in Arequipa, in opposition to the social behaviors mislabeled in the causes of insults. © 2021 University of Sevilla. All rights reserved.
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    War and economics in Arequipa: The activities of the Spaniard Lucas de la Cotera in a time of crisis, 1821-1824 [Guerra y economía en Arequipa: Las actividades del Español Lucas de la Cotera en una coyuntura de crisis, 1821-1824]
    (Scopus, 2011) Condori Condori, José Victor
    The present article seeks to examine the economic context of a Peruvian city during the War of Independence and explains the positive and negative consequences of that war. By examining notarial and tax records held in regional archives it also seeks to reconstruct the business and political activities of the Spanish trader Lucas de la Cotera, who for various reasons became during this brief period the main financier and supplier of the last vice-regal government in Peru.
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    Between the boom and the crisis. The Cinco Gremios Mayores of Madrid in Arequipa (1790-1820)
    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2014) Condori, José Víctor
    In 1790 the Company of the Cinco Gremios Mayores of Madrid established a commercial house in the city of Arequipa, Peru, to take advantage of the economic situation that appeared in southern Peru after the proclamation of Free Trade in 1778. Thanks to it, the Company managed to control the import trade throughout the region for nearly a decade. However, mismanagement and bad loans triggered a serious crisis within the house, which forced the intervention of directors from Madrid and their appointment of new commissioners. This articles seeks to reveal the various strategies employed by those commissioners and the Arequipa house, and how the strategies were related to the management of accounts, the collection of debts and the liquidation of stocks, all during a general crisis of the Company. © 2014. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
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    Risk Factors of Violence against Women in Peru
    (Springer New York LLC, 2017) Castro Salinas, Rodolfo José; Cerellino, Lila; Renzo Rivera Calcina
    Based on the results of previous investigations, this study seeks for individual, relationship and community characteristics among women living with their partner associated with intimate partner violence [IPV] victimization. The sample of 19,131 women was taken from the 2016 Peru Demographic and Health Survey. A binomial logistic regression model showed among the most significant risk factors: heavy drinking by the woman’s partner (OR = 8.655, p < .001), having witnessed parental domestic violence (OR = 1.496, p < .001) and having experienced physical punishment during childhood (OR = 1.306, p < .001). Other factors related to higher odds of IPV at the individual level include employment and low educational attainment. Relationship risk factors comprise, 25 to 29 years of relationship duration, living in cohabitation, previous unions and low socioeconomic status. At the community level, living in an urban residence increases the likelihood of abuse. These findings highlight the need to include these factors, in the IPV prevention strategies. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
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    The relationship between philosophy and neuroscience from dan zahavi's phenomenology of mind
    (Springer International Publishing, 2017) Emanuel García, Pablo
    The bridge between psychiatry and neuroscience is not the only one we have to build; it is also necessary to narrow the gap between neuroscience and philosophy. This does not imply reducing the latter to the former or vice versa, but rather linking the two without eliminating their individual characteristics. Taking that into account, Dan Zahavi's phenomenology of mind can make a great contribution by presenting itself as a different option within philosophy of mind, which up until the last few years was dominated by the analytic tradition. In this chapter, I present Zahavi's proposal in four steps. First, I clarify the term phenomenology. This choice is not accidental, because nowadays this concept is used by diverse traditions and with different meanings. Second, I make the fundamental distinction between first-person perspective-which corresponds to phenomenology-and third-person perspective-compatible with neuroscience. Third, I explain the methodological stages assumed by Zahavi from the Husserlian tradition. These stages enable him to study from the firstperson perspective rigorously: Epoché, phenomenological reduction, eidetic variation, and intersubjective verification. Finally, I develop the issue of naturalization of phenomenology in order to establish a dialogue between science and philosophy. For Zahavi that naturalization does not necessarily imply reductionism, but can be understood as something necessary for a fruitful exchange between those disciplines. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.
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    New horizons in philosophy of mind. Interview with Prof. Dan Zahavi [Nuevos horizontes en filosofía de la mente. Entrevista al Prof. Dan Zahavi]
    (Universidad del Norte, 2018) Zahavi, D.; Emanuel García, Pablo
    The aim of this interview is to show the contributions of Dan Zahavi's phenomenology to some fundamental issues in philosophy of mind. The Danish philosopher expresses his interest to link phenomenology to other disciplines and talks about his latest project, dedicated to the intersubjective relation. He also explains his position with respect to the naturalization of phenomenology, the importance of developing a philosophy of mind from a first-person perspective, and the question of Husserlian idealism and his link with Putnam. On the other hand, he refers to how the study of psychiatric disorders contributes to philosophy, presents the proposal of the phenomenological tradition to sidestep the problems of internalism-externalism debate, and explains how his concept of self illuminates the classic discussion on mind and brain. Finally, Zahavi comments on the possibility of linking philosophy, science and religion. © 2018 Universidad del Norte. All rights reserved.
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    Trabajos originales [Determinantes sociodemográficos de la alta fecundidad en mujeres Peruanas]
    (Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, 2018) Rosa Angélica Seperak Viera; Renzo Rivera Calcina
    Introduction: Fertility in Peru has been the object of analysis from different perspectives, due to the diversity of contexts that influence the change of reproduction patterns in women. Objective: Determine which sociodemographic variables influence the fact that Peruvian women have a high fertility. Method and Material: It is a cross-sectional study, the data collection was obtained through the Demographic and Family Health Survey of 2016. Results: It was found that the factors associated with a high fertility are: lack of schooling in woman (RP: 3.01, 95% CI: 2.15-4.22, p < .001), more than one union (PR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.41-1.52; p < .001), children mortality (PR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.47-1.57, p < .001), current contraceptive use (PR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.15-1.47, p < .001), to be a victim of violence (PR: 1.09; 95% CI: 1.05-1.12; p < .001). Conclusion: The fertility behavior of Peruvian women corresponds to the current cultural reproduction patterns that include having few children at an older age. In the socioeconomic level, greater education of women is an influential factor. © 2018 Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia. All rights reserved.