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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12590/17099
Title: The impact of COVID-19 on the well-being and cognition of older adults living in the United States and Latin America
Authors: Babulal, Ganesh M.
Torres, Valeria L.
Acosta, Daisy
Agüero, Cinthya
Aguilar-Navarro, Sara
Amariglio, Rebecca
Ussui, Juliana Aya
Baena, Ana
Bocanegra, Yamile
Brucki, Sonia Maria Dozzi
Bustin, Julian
Cabrera, Diego M.
Custodio, Nilton
Diaz, Monica M.
Peñailillo, Lissette Duque
Franco, Idalid
Gatchel, Jennifer R.
Garza-Naveda, Ana Paola
González Lara, Mariana
Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Lidia
Guzmán-Vélez, Edmarie
Hanseeuw, Bernard J.
Jimenez-Velazquez, Ivonne Z.
Rodríguez, Tomás León
Llibre-Guerra, Jorge
Marquine, María J.
Martinez, Jairo
Medina, Luis D.
Miranda-Castillo, Claudia
Morlett Paredes, Alejandra
Munera, Diana
Nuñez-Herrera, Alberto
de Oliveira, Maira Okada
Palmer-Cancel, Santiago J.
Pardilla-Delgado, Enmanuelle
Perales-Puchalt, Jaime
Pluim, Celina
Ramirez-Gomez, Liliana
Rentz, Dorene M.
Rivera-Fernández, Claudia
Rosselli, Monica
Serrano, Cecilia M.
Suing-Ortega, Maria Jose
Slachevsky, Andrea
Soto-Añari, Marcio
Sperling, Reisa A.
Torrente, Fernando
Thumala, Daniela
Vannini, Patrizia
Vila-Castelar, Clara
Yañez-Escalante, Tatiana
Quiroz, Yakeel T.
Keywords: Cognition;COVID-19;Diversity;Latin America;Older adults;US;Well-being
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Lancet Publishing Group
metadata.dc.relation.uri: https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85103930665&origin=resultslist&sort=plf-f&src=s&nlo=&nlr=&nls=&sid=bf6bae9a56b2331387d9f5550bd7ed65&sot=aff&sdt=cl&cluster=scopubyr%2c%222021%22%2ct&sl=48&s=AF-ID%28%22Universidad+Cat%c3%b3lica+San+Pablo%22+60105300%29&relpos=19&citeCnt=3&searchTerm=&featureToggles=FEATURE_NEW_DOC_DETAILS_EXPORT:1
Abstract: Background: In the COVID-19 pandemic, older adults from vulnerable ethnoracial groups are at high risk of infection, hospitalization, and death. We aimed to explore the pandemic's impact on the well-being and cognition of older adults living in the United States (US), Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Peru. Methods: 1,608 (646 White, 852 Latino, 77 Black, 33 Asian; 72% female) individuals from the US and four Latin American countries aged ≥ 55 years completed an online survey regarding well-being and cognition during the pandemic between May and September 2020. Outcome variables (pandemic impact, discrimination, loneliness, purpose of life, subjective cognitive concerns) were compared across four US ethnoracial groups and older adults living in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Peru. Findings: Mean age for all participants was 66.7 (SD = 7.7) years and mean education was 15.4 (SD = 2.7) years. Compared to Whites, Latinos living in the US reported greater economic impact (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.031); while Blacks reported experiencing discrimination more often (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.050). Blacks and Latinos reported more positive coping (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.040). Compared to Latinos living in the US, Latinos in Chile, Mexico, and Peru reported greater pandemic impact, Latinos in Mexico and Peru reported more positive coping, Latinos in Argentina, Mexico, and Peru had greater economic impact, and Latinos in Argentina, Chile, and Peru reported less discrimination. Interpretation: The COVID-19 pandemic has differentially impacted the well-being of older ethnically diverse individuals in the US and Latin America. Future studies should examine how mediators like income and coping skills modify the pandemic's impact. Funding: Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Psychiatry.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12590/17099
Appears in Collections:Artículos - Psicología

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