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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/UCSP/15821
Title: Shortened Version of the Token Test: Normative data for Spanish-speaking pediatric population
Authors: Olabarrieta Landa, L.
Aguilar Rivera, Daniel
Rodríguez Lorenzana, Alberto
Pohlenz Amador, Sarai
García Guerrero, Cristina Elizabeth
Padilla López, Alfredo
Sánchez Sansegundo, Miriam
Velázquez Cardoso, J.
Diaz Marante, Juan Pablo
Caparros Gonzalez, Rafael
Romero García, I.
Valencia Vásquez, J.
Garcia de la Cadena, Claudia
Muñoz Mancilla, J.
Rabago Barajas, B.
Barranco Casimiro, R.
Galvao Carmona, Alejandro
Martín Lobo, Pilar
Saracostti Schwartzman, Mahia
Arango Lasprilla, Juan Carlos
Keywords: child;Ecuador;education;female;Guatemala;Honduras;human;major clinical study;male;Mexico;multiple linear regression analysis;neuropsychology;Paraguay;Peru;token test;psychologic test;South and Central America;standards;statistical model;Linear Models
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: IOS Press
metadata.dc.relation.uri: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85032349950&doi=10.3233%2fNRE-172244&partnerID=40&md5=561233a8a271e062be1c2b74fd24fa48
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Shortened Version of the Token Test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Shortened Version of the Token Test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Shortened Version of the Token Test total scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values. Age, age 2, sex, and mean level of parental education (MLPE) were included as predictors in the analyses. RESULTS: The final multiple linear regression models showed main effects for age in all countries, such that score increased linearly as a function of age. In addition, age 2 had a significant effect in all countries, except Guatemala and Puerto Rico. Models showed that children whose parent(s) had a MLPE >12 years obtained higher score compared to children whose parents had a MLPE ?12 years in Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Spain. The child's sex did not have an effect in the Shortened Version of the Token Test total score for any of the countries. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest Spanish-speaking pediatric normative study in the world, and it will allow neuropsychologists from these countries to have a more accurate interpretation of the Shortened Version of the Token Test when used in pediatric populations. © 2017 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
URI: http://repositorio.ucsp.edu.pe/handle/UCSP/15821
ISSN: 10538135
Appears in Collections:Artículos de investigación

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