Prevalence of Dementia and Associated Factors among Older Adults in Latin America during the COVID-19 Pandemic

dc.contributor.authorSoto-Añari, Marcio
dc.contributor.authorCamargo, Loida
dc.contributor.authorRamos-Henderson, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorRivera-Fernández, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorDenegri-Solís, Lucia
dc.contributor.authorCalle, Ursula
dc.contributor.authorMori, Nicanor
dc.contributor.authorOcampo-Barbá, Ninoska
dc.contributor.authorLópez, Fernanda
dc.contributor.authorPorto, Maria
dc.contributor.authorCaldichoury-Obando, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorSaldías, Carol
dc.contributor.authorGargiulo, Pascual
dc.contributor.authorCastellanos, Cesar
dc.contributor.authorShelach-Bellido, Salomon
dc.contributor.authorLópez, Norman
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-10T21:02:40Z
dc.date.available2022-03-10T21:02:40Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.description.abstract"Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a great impact on cognitive health in Latin American older adults, increasing the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. Our objective was to analyze the prevalence of dementia and the associated factors in Latin American older adults during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods: A multicentric first phase cross-sectional observational study was conducted during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Five thousand two hundred and forty-five Latin American adults over 60 years of age were studied in 10 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, the Dominican Republic, and Venezuela. We used the telephone version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment, the ""Alzheimer Disease 8""scale for functional and cognitive changes, and the abbreviated version of the Yesavage depression scale. We also asked for sociodemographic and lockdown data. All the evaluation was made by telephone. Cross-tabulations and tests were used to determine the variability of the prevalence of impairment by sociodemographic characteristics and binary logistic regression to assess the association between dementia and sociodemographic factors. Results: We observed that the prevalence of dementia in Latin America is 15.6%, varying depending on the country (Argentine = 7.83 and Bolivia = 28.5%). The variables most associated with dementia were race and age. It does not seem to be associated with the pandemic but with social and socio-health factors. Conclusion: The prevalence of dementia shows a significant increase in Latin America, attributable to a constellation of ethnic, demographic, and socioeconomic factors. © 2021 Authors" es_PE
dc.description.uriTrabajo académicoes_PE
dc.identifier.doi10.1159/000518922es_PE
dc.identifier.issn16645464
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12590/17049
dc.language.isoenges_PE
dc.publisherS. Karger AGes_PE
dc.publisher.countryPEes_PE
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_PE
dc.relation.urihttps://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85116158424&origin=resultslist&sort=plf-f&src=s&nlo=&nlr=&nls=&sid=bf6bae9a56b2331387d9f5550bd7ed65&sot=aff&sdt=cl&cluster=scopubyr%2c%222021%22%2ct&sl=48&s=AF-ID%28%22Universidad+Cat%c3%b3lica+San+Pablo%22+60105300%29&relpos=10&citeCnt=0&searchTerm=&featureToggles=FEATURE_NEW_DOC_DETAILS_EXPORT:1es_PE
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_PE
dc.sourceUniversidad Católica San Pabloes_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio Institucional - UCSPes_PE
dc.subjectAginges_PE
dc.subjectCOVID-19es_PE
dc.subjectDementiaes_PE
dc.subjectEthnicityes_PE
dc.subjectPrevalencees_PE
dc.subject.ocdehttps://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00es_PE
dc.titlePrevalence of Dementia and Associated Factors among Older Adults in Latin America during the COVID-19 Pandemices_PE
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_PE
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_PE
renati.typehttps://purl.org/pe-repo/renati/type#trabajoAcademicoes_PE
thesis.degree.disciplinePsicologíaes_PE
thesis.degree.grantorUniversidad Católica San Pablo. Departamento de Psicologíaes_PE
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